Data Sources and Suggested Readings
Charles Kurzman, Muslim-American Terrorism.
Murders in the United States:
Federal Bureau of Investigation, Uniform Crime Report.
Terrorism in Western Europe:
Europol, EU Terrorism Situation and Terrorism Report (TE-SAT).
Terrorism worldwide since 1970:
START Center, University of Maryland, Global Terrorism Database.
Terrorism worldwide, 2004-2011:
National Counterrrorism Center, Worldwide Incident Tracking System.
- This source was discontinued and taken off-line in April 2012. I have an archived XML version of the dataset covering January 1, 2004, through June 30, 2011, that I downloaded on November 18, 2011, and country totals through the end of 2011 that I downloaded on March 16, 2012. Please contact me if you wish to use this dataset for research purposes.
Causes of death worldwide, 2000 and 2012:
World Health Organization, Global Burden of Disease.
Wars since 1946:
Uppsala Conflict Data Program/Peace Research Institute Oslo, Armed Conflict Dataset.
- For a summary, see Therése Pettersson & Peter Wallensteen, “Armed Conflict, 1946-2014,” Journal of Peace Research 52(4), 2015, pp. 536-550.
Muslim religious leaders denouncing terrorism:
Charles Kurzman, Islamic Statements Against Terrorism.
Muslim attitudes on democracy and cultural issues:
World Values Survey.
Muslim attitudes on terrorism and other issues:
Pew Global Attitudes Project.
- For summaries, see “Muslim Publics Divided on Hamas and Hezbollah,” December 2, 2010; “The World’s Muslims: Religion, Politics and Society,” April 30, 2013; “Muslim Views on Suicide Bombing,” June 30, 2014; “In Nations with Significant Muslim Populations, Much Disdain for ISIS,” November 17, 2015.
American attitudes on intentional targeting of civilians:
WorldPublicOpinion.org, “Public Opinion in Iran and America on Key International Issues,” January 24, 2007, p. 10.
Ben Saul, Defining Terrorism in International Law (Oxford University Press, 2006).
Charles Kurzman, The Missing Martyrs: Why There Are So Few Muslim Terrorists (Oxford University Press, 2011).
Charles Kurzman, “Why Is It So Hard to Find a Suicide Bomber These Days?” Foreign Policy, September/October 2011.
Will McCants, “Al Qaeda’s Challenge,” Foreign Affairs, September/October 2011.
John Mueller, Overblown: How Politicians and the Terrorism Industry Inflate National Security Threats, and Why We Believe Them (Free Press, 2006)
Carl Ernst, Following Muhammad (University of North Carolina Press, 2003).
Bruce Lawrence, The Qur’an: A Biography (Atlantic, 2007).
Omid Safi, Memories of Muhammad (HarperOne, 2010).